Emile Durkheim ( 1858–1917) focused more on how religion performs a necessary function; it brings people and society together. A rock, for example, isn’t sacred or profane as it exists. Both science and religion are complex social and cultural endeavors that vary across cultures and change over time. A rock, for example, isn’t sacred or profane as it exists. People’s religious beliefs and practices must be studied within the framework of their own culture and history. For Durkheim, Weber, and Marx, who were reacting to the great social and economic upheaval of the late 19th century and early 20th century in Europe, religion was an integral part of society. People of faith should also care about the complicated relationship between politics and religion because it holds serious consequences for religion's moral witness, Campbell said. Religion concerns itself with the beyond, whereas economy deals with the practical business of working, producing and consuming. Durkheim argued that “religion happens” in society when there is a separation between the profane (ordinary life) and the sacred (1915). social stability. The relationship between religion and society is two-directional: it goes from religion to society, and from society to religion. For centuries, humankind has sought to understand and explain the “meaning of life.” Religion, in one form or another, has been found in all human societies since human societies first appeared. This situation can be identified in every society, and in every period of history. From a Weberian point of view, the links among religion, history, and culture in Europe explain the decline of Catholicism, the rise of Protestantism, and now the rise of secularism. Religion effects different societies in different ways and different forms, causing the forms of society to change according to a change in religion. Another important function of a constitution is to ensure peace and justice between all members of society, even in societies that are marked by deep religious divisions. Inter-relationship between Religious Ethics and Economy: Superficially, Religion and society seem poles apart. As such, religion plays an essential societal role warranting special consideration. This is in contrast to ETHNOCENTRISM: The concept that one’s own culture or religion is superior to others and should be judged Elder members of the community, the wealthy, the poor, the ruling class, and the slaves were all a part of the religious life of the community because their religion and their daily lives were completely intertwined and, through that faith, they recognized their individual lives were all an interwoven tapestry with every other. Since then the relationship between science and religion has been characterized in terms of 'conflict', 'harmony', 'complexity', and 'mutual independence', among others.  Religions also provide for rites of passage such as marking birth, marriage and death. offer assistance (financial for the poor) social change. Over the years, different theologists and philosophers have come up with various ways to implement religious belief, opinions, doctrines, principles, and traditions into modern secular life. Just like education, religion plays a major role in the socialization process. No matter how many religions have spawned upon throughout the centuries or how they differ in their dogmas, they all share a common role in infusing social virtues, creating social cohesion and providing individual peace. All religions are equally meaningful to their adherents. But if someone makes it into a headstone, or another person uses it for landscaping, it takes on different meanings—one sacred, one profane. change is slow and considered. religious authorities, and between secular and sacred codes of law, has historically been, and continues to be, one of the main functions of a constitution. … This role was rightly described by a Chinese economist studying democracy in America. Not only does religion teach virtue, it catalyzes moral action. The relationship between religion and society is a matter of concern for all world religions. For Durkheim, religion was a force for cohesion that helped bind the members of society to the group, while Weber believed religion could be understood as something separate from society. But if someone makes it into a headstone, or another person uses it for landscaping, it takes on different meanings—one sacred, one profane. work for justice and peace. Sociological studies have shown positive benefits of religious affiliation for school performance, positive family life, well-being and contribution to community life. For instance, religious leaders, pointing to modern society’s loss of ethical values and increased corruption, preach, “the only answer to the current ‘decay’ is a return to traditional values and religious norms.” Hence, religion supplies these individuals with a feeling of being a part of a group that represents their interests and allows them to regain their traditional sense of who they are. No one religion is superior to another. Religious instruction and belief remain today the lifeblood of society’s moral ethos. Religion can be a driving force in society, but as a reactionary rather than in a radical way. The relationship between both religion and society is always changing. The former direction is evident where religion expresses its authority through cohesion and social control. religion provides a constant and is embedded in our society and culture.
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